Knee Pain Common in Older Women

Knee pain appears to be a common complaint among middle-aged and elderly women. There are a variety of possible reasons why older women face severe forms of pain and discomfort in the knees. According to a recent study, over 63 percent of women aged 50 and above suffer from knee pain and discomfort at least once or continuously in their life.

In this article, we will discuss the causes and treatment of knee pain in older women.

Causes of Knee Pain in Older Women

Apart from causes such as fractures, dislocations, sprained ligaments, meniscal injuries, and infections, there are other causes for chronic knee pain in older women which are as follows:

  • Arthritis: Arthritis is a joint condition that affects people of all ages, and older women in particular. It is usually characterised by joint inflammation or wear and tear, which can cause unbearable pain.
  • Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis, often known as degenerative arthritis, is the most common type of arthritis. It’s a wear-and-tear condition in which the cartilage in the knee deteriorates as a result of ageing and usage.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is the most severe kind of arthritis. It is an autoimmune disease that can damage practically any joint in the body, which includes the knees. Although rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic condition, its severity varies which can be diagnosed through a check-up.
  • Gout or Pseudogout: Gout is a type of arthritis that happens when uric acid crystals form in the joint. It usually strikes the big toe, although it can also affect the knee as well. Pseudogout is caused by calcium-containing crystals that form in the joint fluid and is frequently mistaken for gout. Knee joints are more commonly affected by pseudogout.
  • Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis means a loss of bone mass and strength. The term osteoporosis means porous bone. Women tend to lose a lot of bone mass and strength as they age. It’s a bone-weakening illness that puts people at a higher risk for unexpected bone fractures.
  • Bursitis: Bursitis is a painful enlargement of bursa, which is a tiny, fluid-filled sac. These sacs act as a cushion between bone and muscle, tendons, and skin. Bursae reduce friction, rubbing, and irritation by padding these areas. Enlargement of bursa can cause excruciating pain.

Also Read:

Treatments for Knee Pain in Older Women

  1. Physiotherapy: Working with a physiotherapist can help in restoring knee strength and in reducing pain in the joint. Your doctor may prescribe a certain home-based exercise regime, medicines and ice and compression for quicker recovery.
  1. Injections: One of the most common injections for knee joint pain is Corticosteroid injection. Such injections can lubricate the joint and provide temporary relief. While the pain can be treated temporarily through these injections, they cannot heal the meniscus tear. Older women should consult with their orthopaedic doctor before going through with any such treatment.
  1. Anti-inflammatory medicines: Anti-inflammatory such as ibuprofen and aspirin can help in reducing swelling and cure the pain. 
  1. Knee Surgery: You may resort to surgery if the injury is serious or if symptoms persist even after non-surgical procedures. Depending on your specific condition, you can undergo a partial meniscectomy to treat a meniscal tear or get a complete knee replacement to relieve arthritis joint pain and regain knee function.


Knee pain can be caused by a variety of factors as discussed. If your knee pain is causing you to change the way you live, it is time to visit your doctor. It is important to understand that you do not have to live with knee pain. Your orthopedic doctor can provide you with the right kind of treatment to relieve your knee pain.

Book an appointment to consult with the best orthopedic hospital in Chandigarh here:

Causes and Treatment of Knee Pain in Young Adult

Knee pain is a typical complaint among the elderly, but it is also affecting many young adults today. The reason why knee pain is so common is that it is led by a number of unavoidable factors apart from other preventable causes. This article discusses the conditions that can cause knee pain in young adults, along with their treatment.

Causes of Knee Pain in Young Adults

Knee pain in young adults is commonly linked to overuse injuries. Pain, stiffness, and other symptoms can develop quickly when muscles, ligaments, or tendons are overstressed. Overuse injuries such as tendonitis and bursitis are typically connected with intense activities. 

However, they can also develop in individuals who are quite inactive but increase their activity all of a sudden. While these injuries are rather common in young adults, they aren’t the only causes of knee pain.

Patellofemoral Syndrome

In young adults, patellofemoral syndrome is a common source of knee pain. It’s commonly caused by a muscular imbalance that hampers support and movement of your knee joint. Weak thigh muscles, as well as extremely tight muscles or tendons around the knee, can alter the way the knee works, producing strain and pressure inside the joint. 

These areas can become irritated and inflamed over time, and you may experience pain around the kneecap and in the front of the knee before you know it. Such people may experience pain or stiffness while kneeling, crouching, or ascending stairs. A grinding or grating sensation inside the knee, called Crepitus is also experienced by some people.


Arthritis of the knees can strike as early as your twenties, particularly if you’re an athlete or obese. Arthritis develops when the protective layer of cartilage inside the knee joint wears away.

Because of the excessive wear and tear inside the joint, athletes who do a lot of high-impact activities are more prone to arthritis. Repeated knee injuries can damage the cartilage, increasing the risk of developing arthritis.

Obesity has a similar effect on the knees. Carrying all that weight puts additional strain on the cartilage layer, causing it to deteriorate and break down more quickly.

Other causes

Meniscal tear: When a knee injury causes the cartilage to slit, it is called a meniscal tear. Cartilage is a tough and flexible tissue that covers the end of bones. Causes of meniscal tear can be a sudden twist or advancement of age.

Bone tumor: When cells divide abnormally and excessively, they can form a lump of tissue. This lump is called a tumor. The presence of a bone tumor can lead to extreme knee pain and needs to be treated immediately.

Also Read:

Treatment of Knee Pain in Young Adult

Knee pain in young adults can mostly be treated with conservative measures such as the RICE method. 


I=icing for 10-15 minutes every day

C= Compress an elastic bandage to your knee.

E= Elevate the affected knee above the heart level if there is swelling.

You can also take various medications at this point, like NSAIDs with a PPE blocker.  Later on, you can begin exercise therapy, which can minimize your risks of developing knee pain and protect you from repetitive knee damage.

The majority of knee pain in young adults can be managed with simple nonsurgical therapies. However, some cases, particularly those involving soft-tissue tears and bone fractures may necessitate surgery. Unless surgery is the sole option, you and your orthopedic doctor should examine all other therapy choices.

Book an appointment with the Best Orthopedic Surgeon in Chandigarh here:

Hair fall during Pregnancy- Explained by Best Gynecologist in Chandigarh

If you’re expecting a child and experiencing hair fall, you might be wondering if there’s a link. Hair fall during pregnancy might be caused by hormones, stress, or underlying health conditions. In this article, you will learn about hair fall during pregnancy and how to prevent and treat it.

Causes of Hair fall during Pregnancy

The natural cycle of hair follicle shedding is slowed by rising estrogen levels during pregnancy. As a result, some women may actually see a decrease in hair fall when pregnant. However, this doesn’t always happen, which is quite normal. 

The first cause of hair fall during pregnancy is hormonal shift. The body may be stressed throughout the first trimester when the hormone balance swings substantially to support the growing baby. 

Stress may cause up to 30% of the hair on your head to enter the telogen or resting phase of the hair life cycle. As a result, pregnant women may experience three times more hair fall than the average hair fall.

Similarly, telogen effluvium can develop as a result of health concerns that arise during pregnancy such as thyroid and iron deficiency. The hair fall can be rather extreme, especially if it’s due to a long-term hormonal or vitamin imbalance.

Other causes include Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), poor nutrition, postpartum hair loss and trauma. It’s possible that your hair loss has nothing to do with pregnancy or genetic issues. You may get traction alopecia if you’ve recently had your hair in tight hairstyles, had specific beauty treatments, treated your hair forcefully or have a skin disease in the scalp.

Also Read:

Controlling Hair fall during Pregnancy

Hair fall during or after pregnancy is not a serious issue because it is a temporary condition that returns to normal shortly after delivery. However, there are some helpful hair loss treatment recommendations that can assist you in reducing hair loss and achieving healthier hair during pregnancy such as meditation, avoiding heating and chemical products, maintaining a healthy diet, oiling your hair or trying natural hair masks.

Book an appointment with the Best Gynecologist in Chandigarh here:

Treatment of Pregnancy-related Hair fall

Hair fall during pregnancy is quite normal and may require no special treatment in most cases, generally resolving on its own over time.

If hair growth doesn’t return to normal, doctors may give minoxidil (Rogaine), however, this treatment is not regarded as safe to use during pregnancy.

Treatments for other diseases, including androgenic alopecia, are generally not advised during pregnancy. Instead of medications, your doctor may recommend that you undergo low-level laser treatment, which uses red light waves to stimulate hair growth.

In most cases, these treatments may not be required. You can work with your doctor to find a medicine or some vitamin supplements to bring your levels to normal to help in the regrowth of hair over time if you have diseases like hypothyroidism or iron deficiency anemia.


Hair loss during pregnancy is normal especially when it is caused by hormonal changes or certain medical disorders. With time or by getting treatment for the underlying problem, hair growth should return. Hair fall gets resolved approximately four months following the delivery. Your hair should be back to normal growth in six to nine months.

If your hair loss persists or you notice some other symptoms, you should consult the best Gynecologist in Chandigarh to check if there is another cause for hair loss such as alopecia areata or androgenic alopecia is to blame.

Healthy Pregnancy Tips for Working Women | Best Gynaecologist in Chandigarh

When you get a positive pregnancy test, you’ve embarked on a life-changing journey. You go through a lot of changes in your body, mind, and lifestyle as the baby develops and changes through each stage of pregnancy.

The majority of women are able to work during their pregnancy. It may, however, cause difficulties at work. Here are some tips that can help you relieve typical pregnant discomforts to be healthy and productive at work.

  1. Take all the necessary precautions: In these covid times, when you go to the office, wear a mask that completely covers your face. Do not touch the mask, except the straps, when putting it on or taking it off. Keep a sanitizer handy and try to maintain social distancing as far as possible.
  1. Get enough sleep: Pregnant women need to maintain a high level of physical and mental energy. While you can work normally, it is important to not miss out on any sleep. You must get enough sleep to keep your body and mind energetic. Many studies have shown that having enough sleep each day enhances the body’s immunity significantly.  Additionally, rest is vital for the baby developing within you.
  1. Eat a nutrition-rich diet: We are sure that you won’t like to take many leaves from office due to morning sickness or nausea. This can be relieved by eating healthy food. To provide adequate nutrition to your baby during pregnancy, you should prioritise a well-balanced diet. 

Your body’s ability to combat diseases is improved by your consumption of a balanced diet along with all vitamins. Therefore, it is advised that you get a food chart from your gynaecologist to keep up with the needs of your baby and yourself.

Book an appointment with the best gynaecologist in Chandigarh here:

  1. Stay well hydrated: During pregnancy, the amount of water in your body increases to help in maintaining a stable blood pressure level. Therefore, you should keep a big water bottle in your bag when you leave for work. Try to drink at least eight glasses of water each day. You may also go for fluids such as fruit teas, fresh fruit juice, etc. if you don’t feel like drinking water.
  1. Exercise regularly: Regular exercise is very helpful for you and your baby. It aids in the prevention of pregnancy risks, boosts your mood, increases the chances of smooth labour and delivery, helps you get back to shape after delivery, and assists in coping with joint strains that occur during pregnancy. 

Take out time for pregnancy exercises such as Yoga, Pilates, brisk walking, etc. However, it is best to let your instructor know about your pregnancy to avoid any risks.

  1. Remember that you are pregnant: By this, we mean that you should remember that alcohol, tobacco and drugs consumption are a strict no-no in pregnancy. Drinking alcohol during the first trimester can increase the risk of miscarriage, and it can impair your baby’s brain growth during the third trimester.

Smoking increases the risk of miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, placental abruption, premature delivery, low birth weight, stillbirth, and SIDS (Sudden infant death syndrome).

You should also try to avoid caffeine as it has been linked to an increased risk of miscarriage. Coffee, tea, cola, chocolate, and energy drinks all contain caffeine.

Also Read:

  1. Get supplements: Pregnant women are required to take folic acid for at least the first three months of their pregnancy, while vitamin D is required during the entire course of pregnancy and even afterwards.

Taking folic acid during pregnancy lowers the baby’s chance of having a neural tube defect and vitamin D is essential for your baby’s skeleton growth and future bone health.

  1. Try to eat home-cooked meals: While you may have cravings during your pregnancy, avoiding junk food from outdoors is always a good choice. Nothing can replace the safety and nutrition of home-cooked meals and so it is advised that you consume fresh food made at home.
  2. Spend time with your loved ones: Spending time with your loved ones helps in alleviating your anxiety and stress, and also lifts your spirits. Spending time with your close ones makes you feel more connected to them.

These interactions can be a great source of support and motivation during pregnancy. So spend time with your colleagues at work, friends outside and family at home and stay happy.

Along with keeping all these tips in mind, it is important to regularly consult with the best gynaecologist in Chandigarh for a safe and healthy pregnancy. 

How to Detect Heart Problems?

Heart problems refer to a range of conditions that affect the heart. Heart problems include Coronary artery disease, Arrhythmias, Congenital heart defects, Heart valve disease, etc. 

With the current sedentary lifestyle of majority people, heart problems are becoming more and more common. It is, therefore, important to detect heart problems at the right time to prevent heart health deterioration or worse. 

Pay Attention to the Symptoms

To detect heart problems, it is important to pay attention to the following symptoms:

  1. Chest Pain, Pressure, Fullness, or Discomfort


It is important to pay attention to symptoms such as minor discomfort or pain in the centre of your chest, pressure, squeezing, or fullness. These symptoms normally appear gradually and may disappear and reappear.

There is a possibility of interpreting these as symptoms of something less serious, such as heartburn. However, you are the best judge of your own body. If you suspect something is wrong, you should not take it lightly and consult a cardiologist immediately.

Book an appointment with the best Heart Hospital in Mohali:

  1. Difficulty in breathing

If you feel like you’ve raced a marathon but you have simply walked up the stairs, it could be a symptom that your heart isn’t pumping enough blood to the rest of your body. Shortness of breath can occur with or without chest discomfort, and it’s a common symptom of heart problems.

  1. Nausea and cold sweats

Waking up in cold sweats, feeling sick or vomiting might be flu symptoms, but they could also be signals of a heart problem. You may know how the flu feels like because you’ve had it before, but listen to your instincts if you feel these flu-like symptoms are a sign of something more serious. 

Also Read:


Here are some ways through which cardiologists detect heart problems so that corrective measures can be taken in time:

  1. Blood Pressure Test: A blood pressure test helps in diagnosing the risk of high blood pressure. High blood pressure puts a greater strain on your heart and can lead to artery damage. If treatment is not sought in time, blood clots can form, which can lead to severe heart problems such as heart attack and heart failure.

After attaining the age of 20, one should get a blood pressure test done at least once every two years. High blood pressure can be regulated with medications and lifestyle modifications.

  1. Cholesterol Test: Cholesterol test is important because high cholesterol has no signs, therefore, you can’t even realise that you are at risk unless you get this test done.

This test measures Total cholesterol, LDL (bad) cholesterol, HDL (good) cholesterol, and triglycerides. If your cardiologist diagnoses that you have a higher risk of heart failure or stroke, you may need to be tested more often.

In this case too, medications and lifestyle change can help in managing cholesterol levels.

  1. Blood Glucose Test: This test determines the level of sugar (glucose) in your blood. A blood glucose test can also be used to determine whether or not you have diabetes. Diabetes, if left unchecked, can lead to heart disease and stroke.

A blood glucose test should be taken every three years starting at the age of 40 for most people.

  1. Weight and BMI: Your doctor can ask for your waist circumference or use your body weight to measure your body mass index (BMI). This test helps in determining whether you have a healthy body weight and composition. 

Obese people are generally at a greater risk for heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, diabetes, and other health issues than people with healthy body weight.

  1. Other heart tests: After the above routine tests, if your doctor diagnoses that you may have heart disease, you may be asked to get tests such as electrocardiography (ECG, EKG), echocardiography, coronary catheter angiography, coronary CT angiography (CTA), cardiac CT scan for calcium scoring, nuclear stress test, and exercise cardiac stress test.

If you are diagnosed with heart disease, your doctor can suggest a range of lifestyle changes, medications, and other treatments to help you manage your heart problem.

Also Read:

Heart risk factors need to be identified to get proper treatment and prevention on time. Regular heart check-ups can help in determining these risk factors, thus maintaining optimum heart health.

To book an appointment with the best Heart Hospital in Mohali, click here: