Laparoscopic Surgery – What is it?

Laparoscopic surgery

Laparoscopic surgery is a form of minimally invasive surgery in which small incisions are used instead of the big incisions as in an open surgery. This surgical procedure uses a long thin camera known as a laparoscope to diagnose and treat a variety of illnesses and disorders of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis. A laparoscope sends images from inside of your body to a monitor where the surgeon can see them.

Laparoscopic surgery is generally used when non-invasive techniques and imaging tests such as ultrasound, CT scan, MRI scan fail to aid in the diagnosis.

This procedure is recommended to treat conditions such as abdominal pain, endocrine conditions, female reproductive system disorders, intestinal conditions, hernia, urinary tract conditions, lung conditions, liver and gallbladder ailments, stomach and oesophagus conditions and vascular conditions.

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Laparoscopic surgery is considered to be the gold standard for many treatments due to the following benefits:

  • It creates smaller scars
  • The hospital stay is shorter
  • It aids in quicker recovery
  • It causes lesser pain

While laparoscopic surgery has various benefits, it also has certain risks like any other surgery which are as follows:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Damage to the abdomen organs
  • Redness, swelling, bleeding or drainage at the sites of incision
  • Continuous nausea or vomiting
  • Continuous cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Inability to urinate
  • Light-headedness
  • Fever and chills
  • Intense abdominal pain
Laparoscopic surgery

What happens in Laparoscopic Surgery?

Before you go for laparoscopic surgery, it is recommended that you clear any queries that you have about your laparoscopic surgery’s recovery, level of pain, etc. with your laparoscopic surgeon.

Laparoscopic surgery

As far as the recovery after laparoscopic surgery is concerned, you will be kept in the recovery room until your vital signs are stable. The duration varies, but it usually lasts an hour or two. In most cases, you will be sent home on the same day. A hospital stay may be necessary for more complex operations.

The full recovery, however, takes time. The length of your recovery depends on the surgery, the type of anaesthetic used, your overall health, your age, and other factors. You can return to your routine work within a day or two after simple operations. You should nevertheless try to avoid activities such as heavy lifting, intense exercise, and contact sports for some time or as prescribed by your doctor.

Talking about pain control is also critical here for healing and a speedy recovery. You will experience some pain after your surgery but if your discomfort changes or becomes too intense, you should contact your surgeon right away since it might be a sign of some complication.

Also if you’re using narcotic pain relievers, you may feel sleepy. If you feel nauseous, inform about it to your doctor so that it can be addressed.

Lastly, it is very important to know when to call your surgeon. Although you will have routine check-ups after your laparoscopic surgery, you should call your doctor right away if you experience bleeding, shortness of breath, chest discomfort, severe sore throat, inability to urinate/have bowel movement, unexpected drainage from incision or experience other such signs that you feel are unusual. 

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