How to Detect Heart Problems?

Heart problems refer to a range of conditions that affect the heart. Heart problems include Coronary artery disease, Arrhythmias, Congenital heart defects, Heart valve disease, etc. 

With the current sedentary lifestyle of majority people, heart problems are becoming more and more common. It is, therefore, important to detect heart problems at the right time to prevent heart health deterioration or worse. 

Pay Attention to the Symptoms

To detect heart problems, it is important to pay attention to the following symptoms:

  1. Chest Pain, Pressure, Fullness, or Discomfort


It is important to pay attention to symptoms such as minor discomfort or pain in the centre of your chest, pressure, squeezing, or fullness. These symptoms normally appear gradually and may disappear and reappear.

There is a possibility of interpreting these as symptoms of something less serious, such as heartburn. However, you are the best judge of your own body. If you suspect something is wrong, you should not take it lightly and consult a cardiologist immediately.

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  1. Difficulty in breathing

If you feel like you’ve raced a marathon but you have simply walked up the stairs, it could be a symptom that your heart isn’t pumping enough blood to the rest of your body. Shortness of breath can occur with or without chest discomfort, and it’s a common symptom of heart problems.

  1. Nausea and cold sweats

Waking up in cold sweats, feeling sick or vomiting might be flu symptoms, but they could also be signals of a heart problem. You may know how the flu feels like because you’ve had it before, but listen to your instincts if you feel these flu-like symptoms are a sign of something more serious. 

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Here are some ways through which cardiologists detect heart problems so that corrective measures can be taken in time:

  1. Blood Pressure Test: A blood pressure test helps in diagnosing the risk of high blood pressure. High blood pressure puts a greater strain on your heart and can lead to artery damage. If treatment is not sought in time, blood clots can form, which can lead to severe heart problems such as heart attack and heart failure.

After attaining the age of 20, one should get a blood pressure test done at least once every two years. High blood pressure can be regulated with medications and lifestyle modifications.

  1. Cholesterol Test: Cholesterol test is important because high cholesterol has no signs, therefore, you can’t even realise that you are at risk unless you get this test done.

This test measures Total cholesterol, LDL (bad) cholesterol, HDL (good) cholesterol, and triglycerides. If your cardiologist diagnoses that you have a higher risk of heart failure or stroke, you may need to be tested more often.

In this case too, medications and lifestyle change can help in managing cholesterol levels.

  1. Blood Glucose Test: This test determines the level of sugar (glucose) in your blood. A blood glucose test can also be used to determine whether or not you have diabetes. Diabetes, if left unchecked, can lead to heart disease and stroke.

A blood glucose test should be taken every three years starting at the age of 40 for most people.

  1. Weight and BMI: Your doctor can ask for your waist circumference or use your body weight to measure your body mass index (BMI). This test helps in determining whether you have a healthy body weight and composition. 

Obese people are generally at a greater risk for heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, diabetes, and other health issues than people with healthy body weight.

  1. Other heart tests: After the above routine tests, if your doctor diagnoses that you may have heart disease, you may be asked to get tests such as electrocardiography (ECG, EKG), echocardiography, coronary catheter angiography, coronary CT angiography (CTA), cardiac CT scan for calcium scoring, nuclear stress test, and exercise cardiac stress test.

If you are diagnosed with heart disease, your doctor can suggest a range of lifestyle changes, medications, and other treatments to help you manage your heart problem.

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Heart risk factors need to be identified to get proper treatment and prevention on time. Regular heart check-ups can help in determining these risk factors, thus maintaining optimum heart health.

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Angioplasty – Types, Risks, Recovery and Procedure

Angioplasty is a procedure that can help ease the symptoms of blocked or clogged arteries and is frequently performed soon after a heart attack. It is a minimally invasive surgical endovascular technique that is used to restore natural blood flow.

It is also called Percutaneous Coronary Intervention or PCI in pathological terms. By definition, the term ‘angio’ refers to anything that has to do with blood vessels, whereas ‘plasty’ refers to the moulding or grafting of any body part, in this case, the heart arteries.

In this procedure, a tiny balloon catheter is used in a coronary angioplasty operation to open up congested heart arteries, boosting blood flow to the heart. This procedure is sometimes combined with the insertion of a metal stent into the artery to maintain the coronary artery wall open.

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Types of Angioplasty

Angioplasty can be primarily divided into two types:

  • Balloon angioplasty: Balloon angioplasty is a procedure that removes plaque from an artery using the pressure of an inflated balloon. 
  • Stent placement in the artery: This procedure requires inserting a wire mesh tube, or stent, into the artery. After angioplasty, stents help to keep an artery from narrowing again.  Stents can be formed with bare metal or with a medication coating. When stents are formed with a medical coating, it is called Drug eluting stents (DES). Such stents are less prone to clog up again.

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Risks of Angioplasty

Every surgery has some level of risk and so is the case here. You could develop an allergic reaction to the anaesthetic or materials used in the angioplasty. The following are some of the other hazards related to coronary angioplasty:

  • Bleeding, clotting, or bruising at the insertion site.
  • Scar tissue or blood clots can occur in the stent.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Blood vessel, heart valve, or artery becoming damaged.
  • A heart attack.
  • Kidney damage due to infection, especially in patients who already have kidney difficulties.
  • This technique is also linked to a small but significant risk of stroke.

The procedure of angioplasty is not necessarily the final cure for blocked arteries. If plaque builds up again in the artery or a previously inserted stent, arteries might become restricted again. This process is called restenosis. When your doctor doesn’t use a stent, the chance of restenosis is increased.

Recovery of Angioplasty

The cardiologist removes the catheters and bandages after the angioplasty. The location where the catheters enter the body is prone to soreness, bruising, and potential bleeding. Recovery time in the hospital is usually 12 to 24 hours. After the procedure, the patient will be unable to drive or lift for roughly a week. 

People can usually return to work within a week, but it is important to consult with the doctor. The post-angioplasty visit is an important part of the treatment. In this visit, the doctor will assess the patient’s progress, make any necessary medication adjustments, and build a long-term treatment plan for their cardiovascular health.

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Procedure of Angioplasty

Angioplasty is a procedure that includes the use of a small balloon to enlarge an artery. A stent is a small wire mesh tube that is inserted by the cardiologist into an artery. This technique is normally done while you are under local anaesthetic.

The surgeon starts by making an incision in your arm or groin. Then they place a catheter into your artery with a little inflatable balloon on the end. The doctor guides the catheter up into the blocked coronary artery using X-ray, video, and special dyes.

The balloon is inflated once it is in place to expand the artery. The plaque or fatty deposits are pressed against the artery wall. This allows blood to circulate freely. To keep the artery from shutting, the stent is left in there. The operation could take anywhere from 30 minutes to several hours.

Get Appointment of the Best Cardiologist Doctor Panchkula, Mohali & Chandigarh

The heart is one of the most vital organs in the human body. Basic functions of the heart include pumping oxygenated blood, hormones, and other vital substances to different parts of the body, maintaining blood pressure, receiving deoxygenated blood and waste products from the body and pumping it to the lungs for oxygenation.

Due to the prominence of heart disease worldwide today, cardiology has become a very significant health profession. A cardiologist is a practitioner who specializes in the treatment of the heart and blood arteries, in short, the cardiovascular system.

They are qualified to treat heart attacks, heart failure, heart valve disease, arrhythmia, and high blood pressure. Cardiologists also guide their patients about heart-healthy habits.

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If you experience any of the following symptoms, getting an appointment with a cardiologist is highly recommended.

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  1. Chest discomfort: This is one of the most common warning signs or symptoms of any cardiovascular disease. Most heart attacks begin with pain in the centre of the chest while you are resting or doing some physical activity. This pain may last more than a few minutes – or it can go away and then return. 

You may experience a tightening, squeezing, fullness, or discomfort in or around your chest. Although you should also bear in mind that sometimes people get heart attacks without experiencing any chest pain at all. This is particularly prevalent among women.

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  1. Pain spreading to the arm: Another common symptom of a heart attack is pain radiating down the left arm of the body. Although the pain mostly begins from the chest, in some cases mere arm pain can also turn out to be a heart attack. 

Therefore, you should never hesitate to call the emergency helpline number if you feel even the slightest doubt.

  1. Throat or jaw pain: Pain or discomfort in the middle of your chest that extends to your throat or jaw can be a symptom of a heart attack. In such a case, seek medical care immediately.
  1. Nausea: You can indeed feel nauseous because of a variety of reasons unrelated to your heart. But you should still be conscious of the fact that it can also be a warning for a heart attack.

So, if you’re experiencing this symptom, especially if you’re at risk for heart problems, see a doctor right away. 

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  1. Sweating: Sweating unusually, particularly if you aren’t much physically active, may be an early sign of a heart problem. Since pumping blood into clogged arteries requires more effort from your heart, your body sweats more to compensate for the increased exertion. Night sweats are a common symptom of heart disease in women.

Also, cold sweats that appear out of nowhere could be a signal for a heart attack. If this occurs along with some other signs, call for an ambulance immediately or ask a friend to rush you to the hospital. Refrain from driving on your own.

  1. Fatigue and shortness of breath: Feeling tired all the time and shortness of breath are common symptoms related to heart problems. As your heart works overtime, you can experience a general sense of exhaustion.

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  1. Snoring: Snoring is mostly harmless and normal. However, it may also be a warning for heart problems. A condition known as sleep apnea can be detected by unusual snoring that sounds like choking or gasping. Fixing an appointment with your cardiologist can determine whether or not you have this disorder. 
  1. Irregular heartbeat: It is important to fix a meeting with the cardiologist if you experience irregular heartbeats often and for more than a few seconds. It may not be serious in the majority of cases but no chances should be taken when it comes to the heart. 

Irregular heartbeats can sometimes indicate the presence of a disorder known as atrial fibrillation, which necessitates medical attention. 

  1. Heartburn, indigestion or stomach ache: Heartburn, indigestion and stomach ache may be unrelated to the heart, and can occur because of problems such as food allergy. However, it is important to remember that it can also be a strong sign of a heart attack.
  1. Swollen legs, feet and ankles: Legs, feet and ankles can swell up due to blood backing up in the veins when the heart cannot pump up blood efficiently. They can also swell up because of kidney function becoming inefficient due to heart problems.

Tips for Healthy & Happy Heart with Chandigarh Heart Specialist

Did you know that your heart beats 100,000 times every day and pumps around 7500 litres of blood throughout your body? Yes, this muscle works really hard! Simple steps such as getting adequate sleep and knowing your family history can help in improving your heart health. 

Here are some tips by Chandigarh heart specialist that can help in keeping your heart healthy and happy.

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  1. Have a healthy diet: One of the simplest methods to keep track of your heart health is to eat a balanced diet which is rich in omega 3 fatty acids and fibre. A few modifications such as eating a bowl of oatmeal for breakfast can quickly give your body the nutrition it requires to keep your heart and other organs healthy and happy.

You can eat foods like salmon, broccoli, walnuts, and flaxseed to include omega 3 and fibre in your diet. 

  1. Control your portion size: It’s just as important to keep track of how much you eat as it is to keep track of what you eat. Overfilling your plate and eating too quickly can result in you taking more calories than you need, which can have a negative impact on both your weight and your heart.

So, keep your quantities in check and eat without being distracted by the television, newspaper, or phone.

  1. Reduce your salt intake: High blood pressure, which is a major risk factor for heart disease, can be caused by eating too much salt. Reduced salt consumption plays an important part for a healthy heart. Also, keep a watch on ready-to-eat foods as they have high salt content.

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  1. Get enough sleep: Sleep is crucial to maintaining your heart’s health. You may be at a higher risk for cardiovascular disease if you don’t get enough sleep, regardless of your age or other health behaviours.

Sleep deprivation disrupts underlying health problems such as blood pressure and inflammation. Those who sleep less than six hours per night are approximately twice as likely to have a stroke or heart attack as those who sleep six to eight hours per night.

  1. Quit smoking and stay away from passive smoke: You have to take a number of actions to safeguard your heart health. One of the best is to avoid cigarettes and tobacco. In fact, smoking is one of the leading preventable causes of heart disease.

Quitting smoking or other tobacco products can have a significant impact on not only your heart but also your entire health. Furthermore, studies suggest that those who are exposed to second-hand smoke at home or work have a 25 to 30% increased chance of getting heart disease.

  1. Stay active: Sitting for lengthy periods, regardless of your weight, can shorten your life. Blood lipids and blood sugar levels appear to be affected negatively by the desk job lifestyle. 

If you work at a desk, remember to get up and walk about on a frequent basis. Take a walk during your lunch break and get regular exercise in your spare time. Also, make a routine of exercising or simply walking at least 30 minutes every day to maintain your heart health.

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  1. Know your family history: Make time to inquire about your family’s medical history. Keep track of the health conditions and diseases that run in your family. In collaboration with your doctor, use this information to better manage your overall health and heart health.

5 Ways to Lower Your Risk of a Second Heart Attack

Even though heart disease is one of the main causes of death, it is avoidable. While certain risk factors, such as family history, sex, or age, are unavoidable, there are several ways to minimise the risk of heart disease.

There are several things you may do to reduce your chances of developing a second heart attack. Taking action at the right time will improve your health and, in certain cases, save your life.


  • Take Your Medications
  • Follow Up With Your Doctor or Cardiologist
  • Adopt a Heart-Healthy Living
  • Manage Risk Factors
  • Get Support

Here are 5 ways to lower your risk of a second heart attack:

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  1. Take Your Medications

Your heart, cholesterol, and blood pressure medications are critical to your cardiovascular health. Talk to your doctor if you have any questions regarding them. Follow your doctor’s instructions for taking your medications. This can assist you in avoiding a second heart attack. Forgetting to take a dose might result in serious health concerns.

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  1. Follow Up With Your Doctor or Cardiologist

Being healthy necessitates collaboration with your medical team. To keep your recovery on track, see your doctor every 6 weeks after you had a heart attack. Blood pressure and cholesterol levels that are too high might harm your heart and blood vessels.

You won’t know whether you have certain conditions unless you are tested for them. This is why regular check-ups are important. Regular screening can help you figure out what your statistics are and whether or not you need to act.

  1. Adopt a Heart-Healthy Living

You can reduce your LDL (“bad”) cholesterol and triglyceride levels by eating less saturated and trans fat. LDL cholesterol is one of the most common factors in heart attacks. Eat fewer foods like cookies, crackers, fries, doughnuts, and other snack items to avoid most trans fatty acids.

Apart from eating healthy food, exercise is also extremely beneficial to your heart muscle because it strengthens it. It also improves your energy level and aids in weight loss, cholesterol reduction, and blood pressure control.

30 to 60 minutes of moderately strenuous activity 3 to 5 times every week is beneficial. However, you must first seek permission from your doctor to begin an exercise regime.

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  1. Manage Risk Factors

Smoking, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes are all common risk factors for heart attack. Reduce your risk of another heart attack by taking medicines and making lifestyle changes.

Being overweight also raises your chances of having a second heart attack. If you need to lose weight, get advice from your doctor. 

Next, quit smoking to reduce your chances of having another heart attack by half.  This is one of the most important things that should be avoided when it comes to heart disease. 

Alcohol and illicit substances can also cause high blood pressure and cardiac stress. Blood sugar and triglyceride levels can both be raised by alcohol.

Sleep deprivation is another thing that can be harmful to your health. Obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, and depression are all increased in those who don’t get enough sleep, thus leading to risk factors for a heart attack.

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  1. Get Support

Everyone has stress, and it’s natural to become enraged from time to time when you have heart disease. In such a problem, tension and anger flare up naturally. You can regain control by managing your stress and dealing with your anger in healthy ways.

Sharing your experience with family, friends, your doctor and other survivors can help you feel less anxious and isolated.