Silent Heart Attack: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

A heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, occurs when your heart is deprived of oxygen.  A heart attack is usually caused by a blood clot that prevents blood from passing through one of your coronary arteries.


A heart attack without traditional symptoms is known as a silent heart attack. In a silent heart attack, it is common to be unaware that you’re undergoing a heart attack. In fact, many people don’t realise it for weeks or months. According to new research, silent heart attacks account for roughly half of all heart attacks.



1.      Causes of Silent Heart Attack

2.      Symptoms of Silent Heart Attack

3.      Treatment of Silent Heart Attack



Causes of Silent Heart Attack


When one or more of your coronary arteries get blocked, a heart attack occurs. Fatty deposits, including cholesterol, build up substances called plaque over time, narrowing the arteries (atherosclerosis). This condition is called coronary artery disease (CAD), which is the most common cause of heart attacks.


Plaque can break down during a heart attack, spilling cholesterol and other chemicals into the bloodstream. At the site of the breach, a blood clot forms. If the clot is large enough, it can restrict blood flow through the coronary artery, depriving oxygen and nourishment to the heart (ischemia).


The coronary artery may be completely or partially blocked.


Risk factors of a silent heart attack include smoking, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, family history, lack of physical activity, stress, obesity, etc. Silent heart attacks are common in men over the age of 45 and women over the age of 55.

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Symptoms of Silent Heart Attack


  1. A silent heart attack can make you feel like:


  • You’ve caught the flu.
  • You have a sore muscle in your upper back or chest.
  • You’re experiencing pain in your jaw, arms, or upper back.
  • You’re exhausted.
  • You’re suffering from indigestion.


  1. Chest Pain, Pressure, Fullness, or Discomfort

Pain caused by a heart attack can be instant and severe, making it easier to notice and to seek medical treatment. But what happens when it isn’t so obvious?


Most heart attacks cause just minor discomfort or pain in the centre of your chest. Pressure, squeezing, or fullness may also be felt. These symptoms normally appear gradually and may disappear and reappear.


There is a possibility of interpreting these as symptoms of something less serious, such as heartburn. However, you are the best judge of your own body. If you suspect something is wrong, you should not take it lightly and consult a doctor immediately.

  1. Difficulty in breathing

If you feel as if you’ve raced a marathon but you have simply walked up the stairs, it could be a symptom that your heart isn’t pumping enough blood to the rest of your body. Shortness of breath can occur with or without chest discomfort, and it’s a common symptom of a silent heart attack.

  1. Nausea and cold sweats

It is possible that waking up in a cold sweat, feeling sick or vomiting are flu symptoms, but they could also be signals of a silent heart attack. You may know how the flu feels because you’ve had it before, but listen to your instincts if you feel these flu-like symptoms are a sign of something more serious.

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Treatment of Silent Heart Attack


Silent heart attacks are usually discovered after the incident has passed. The majority of the treatment will consist of taking medications such as aspirin, beta-blockers, statins, ACE inhibitors, etc.


These medications aid in the improvement of blood flow to the heart, the prevention of clotting, and the reduction of the risk of a recurrent heart attack. If you’ve had a heart attack, your doctor will also discuss lifestyle changes with you. These modifications can help you avoid more cardiac problems in future.


Angioplasty – Types, Risks, Recovery and Procedure

Angioplasty is a procedure that can help ease the symptoms of blocked or clogged arteries and is frequently performed soon after a heart attack. It is a minimally invasive surgical endovascular technique that is used to restore natural blood flow.

It is also called Percutaneous Coronary Intervention or PCI in pathological terms. By definition, the term ‘angio’ refers to anything that has to do with blood vessels, whereas ‘plasty’ refers to the moulding or grafting of any body part, in this case, the heart arteries.

In this procedure, a tiny balloon catheter is used in a coronary angioplasty operation to open up congested heart arteries, boosting blood flow to the heart. This procedure is sometimes combined with the insertion of a metal stent into the artery to maintain the coronary artery wall open.

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Types of Angioplasty

Angioplasty can be primarily divided into two types:

  • Balloon angioplasty: Balloon angioplasty is a procedure that removes plaque from an artery using the pressure of an inflated balloon. 
  • Stent placement in the artery: This procedure requires inserting a wire mesh tube, or stent, into the artery. After angioplasty, stents help to keep an artery from narrowing again.  Stents can be formed with bare metal or with a medication coating. When stents are formed with a medical coating, it is called Drug eluting stents (DES). Such stents are less prone to clog up again.

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Best Hospital for Angioplasty in Chandigarh

Risks of Angioplasty

Every surgery has some level of risk and so is the case here. You could develop an allergic reaction to the anaesthetic or materials used in the angioplasty. The following are some of the other hazards related to coronary angioplasty:

  • Bleeding, clotting, or bruising at the insertion site.
  • Scar tissue or blood clots can occur in the stent.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Blood vessel, heart valve, or artery becoming damaged.
  • A heart attack.
  • Kidney damage due to infection, especially in patients who already have kidney difficulties.
  • This technique is also linked to a small but significant risk of stroke.

The procedure of angioplasty is not necessarily the final cure for blocked arteries. If plaque builds up again in the artery or a previously inserted stent, arteries might become restricted again. This process is called restenosis. When your doctor doesn’t use a stent, the chance of restenosis is increased.

Recovery of Angioplasty

The cardiologist removes the catheters and bandages after the angioplasty. The location where the catheters enter the body is prone to soreness, bruising, and potential bleeding. Recovery time in the hospital is usually 12 to 24 hours. After the procedure, the patient will be unable to drive or lift for roughly a week. 

People can usually return to work within a week, but it is important to consult with the doctor. The post-angioplasty visit is an important part of the treatment. In this visit, the doctor will assess the patient’s progress, make any necessary medication adjustments, and build a long-term treatment plan for their cardiovascular health.

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Procedure of Angioplasty

Angioplasty is a procedure that includes the use of a small balloon to enlarge an artery. A stent is a small wire mesh tube that is inserted by the cardiologist into an artery. This technique is normally done while you are under local anaesthetic.

The surgeon starts by making an incision in your arm or groin. Then they place a catheter into your artery with a little inflatable balloon on the end. The doctor guides the catheter up into the blocked coronary artery using X-ray, video, and special dyes.

The balloon is inflated once it is in place to expand the artery. The plaque or fatty deposits are pressed against the artery wall. This allows blood to circulate freely. To keep the artery from shutting, the stent is left in there. The operation could take anywhere from 30 minutes to several hours.

Get Appointment of the Best Cardiologist Doctor Panchkula, Mohali & Chandigarh

The heart is one of the most vital organs in the human body. Basic functions of the heart include pumping oxygenated blood, hormones, and other vital substances to different parts of the body, maintaining blood pressure, receiving deoxygenated blood and waste products from the body and pumping it to the lungs for oxygenation.

Due to the prominence of heart disease worldwide today, cardiology has become a very significant health profession. A cardiologist is a practitioner who specializes in the treatment of the heart and blood arteries, in short, the cardiovascular system.

They are qualified to treat heart attacks, heart failure, heart valve disease, arrhythmia, and high blood pressure. Cardiologists also guide their patients about heart-healthy habits.

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If you experience any of the following symptoms, getting an appointment with a cardiologist is highly recommended.

Best Cardiologists in Panchkula
  1. Chest discomfort: This is one of the most common warning signs or symptoms of any cardiovascular disease. Most heart attacks begin with pain in the centre of the chest while you are resting or doing some physical activity. This pain may last more than a few minutes – or it can go away and then return. 

You may experience a tightening, squeezing, fullness, or discomfort in or around your chest. Although you should also bear in mind that sometimes people get heart attacks without experiencing any chest pain at all. This is particularly prevalent among women.

Best Cardiologists in Panchkula
  1. Pain spreading to the arm: Another common symptom of a heart attack is pain radiating down the left arm of the body. Although the pain mostly begins from the chest, in some cases mere arm pain can also turn out to be a heart attack. 

Therefore, you should never hesitate to call the emergency helpline number if you feel even the slightest doubt.

  1. Throat or jaw pain: Pain or discomfort in the middle of your chest that extends to your throat or jaw can be a symptom of a heart attack. In such a case, seek medical care immediately.
  1. Nausea: You can indeed feel nauseous because of a variety of reasons unrelated to your heart. But you should still be conscious of the fact that it can also be a warning for a heart attack.

So, if you’re experiencing this symptom, especially if you’re at risk for heart problems, see a doctor right away. 

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  1. Sweating: Sweating unusually, particularly if you aren’t much physically active, may be an early sign of a heart problem. Since pumping blood into clogged arteries requires more effort from your heart, your body sweats more to compensate for the increased exertion. Night sweats are a common symptom of heart disease in women.

Also, cold sweats that appear out of nowhere could be a signal for a heart attack. If this occurs along with some other signs, call for an ambulance immediately or ask a friend to rush you to the hospital. Refrain from driving on your own.

  1. Fatigue and shortness of breath: Feeling tired all the time and shortness of breath are common symptoms related to heart problems. As your heart works overtime, you can experience a general sense of exhaustion.

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  1. Snoring: Snoring is mostly harmless and normal. However, it may also be a warning for heart problems. A condition known as sleep apnea can be detected by unusual snoring that sounds like choking or gasping. Fixing an appointment with your cardiologist can determine whether or not you have this disorder. 
  1. Irregular heartbeat: It is important to fix a meeting with the cardiologist if you experience irregular heartbeats often and for more than a few seconds. It may not be serious in the majority of cases but no chances should be taken when it comes to the heart. 

Irregular heartbeats can sometimes indicate the presence of a disorder known as atrial fibrillation, which necessitates medical attention. 

  1. Heartburn, indigestion or stomach ache: Heartburn, indigestion and stomach ache may be unrelated to the heart, and can occur because of problems such as food allergy. However, it is important to remember that it can also be a strong sign of a heart attack.
  1. Swollen legs, feet and ankles: Legs, feet and ankles can swell up due to blood backing up in the veins when the heart cannot pump up blood efficiently. They can also swell up because of kidney function becoming inefficient due to heart problems.

Tips for Healthy & Happy Heart with Chandigarh Heart Specialist

Did you know that your heart beats 100,000 times every day and pumps around 7500 litres of blood throughout your body? Yes, this muscle works really hard! Simple steps such as getting adequate sleep and knowing your family history can help in improving your heart health. 

Here are some tips by Chandigarh heart specialist that can help in keeping your heart healthy and happy.

Chandigarh Heart Specialist
  1. Have a healthy diet: One of the simplest methods to keep track of your heart health is to eat a balanced diet which is rich in omega 3 fatty acids and fibre. A few modifications such as eating a bowl of oatmeal for breakfast can quickly give your body the nutrition it requires to keep your heart and other organs healthy and happy.

You can eat foods like salmon, broccoli, walnuts, and flaxseed to include omega 3 and fibre in your diet. 

  1. Control your portion size: It’s just as important to keep track of how much you eat as it is to keep track of what you eat. Overfilling your plate and eating too quickly can result in you taking more calories than you need, which can have a negative impact on both your weight and your heart.

So, keep your quantities in check and eat without being distracted by the television, newspaper, or phone.

  1. Reduce your salt intake: High blood pressure, which is a major risk factor for heart disease, can be caused by eating too much salt. Reduced salt consumption plays an important part for a healthy heart. Also, keep a watch on ready-to-eat foods as they have high salt content.

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  1. Get enough sleep: Sleep is crucial to maintaining your heart’s health. You may be at a higher risk for cardiovascular disease if you don’t get enough sleep, regardless of your age or other health behaviours.

Sleep deprivation disrupts underlying health problems such as blood pressure and inflammation. Those who sleep less than six hours per night are approximately twice as likely to have a stroke or heart attack as those who sleep six to eight hours per night.

  1. Quit smoking and stay away from passive smoke: You have to take a number of actions to safeguard your heart health. One of the best is to avoid cigarettes and tobacco. In fact, smoking is one of the leading preventable causes of heart disease.

Quitting smoking or other tobacco products can have a significant impact on not only your heart but also your entire health. Furthermore, studies suggest that those who are exposed to second-hand smoke at home or work have a 25 to 30% increased chance of getting heart disease.

  1. Stay active: Sitting for lengthy periods, regardless of your weight, can shorten your life. Blood lipids and blood sugar levels appear to be affected negatively by the desk job lifestyle. 

If you work at a desk, remember to get up and walk about on a frequent basis. Take a walk during your lunch break and get regular exercise in your spare time. Also, make a routine of exercising or simply walking at least 30 minutes every day to maintain your heart health.

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  1. Know your family history: Make time to inquire about your family’s medical history. Keep track of the health conditions and diseases that run in your family. In collaboration with your doctor, use this information to better manage your overall health and heart health.

Focus on Choosing the Correct Implant for Joint Replacement

Total hip replacement surgery and total knee replacement surgery are two of the most common surgeries. But they can still crash due to factors such as natural wear and tear, fracture or infection. Revision surgery has a lower success rate and a higher risk of complications. As a result, the objective is to extend the life of the first total joint replacement surgery.

This article will answer all of your queries about the implants ofjoint replacement surgery.


  1. Importance of Implant Choice
  2. Types of Knee Implants
  3. Materials used in Knee Implants
  4. Materials Used in Hip Implants
  5. When to Schedule Joint Replacement Surgery?

Importance of Implant Choice

If you’re considering joint replacement surgery, it is crucial to choose the appropriate implants. As a patient, you would be concerned whether your knee is being replaced with high-quality, long-lasting implant for obvious reasons, as your entire future depends on it. The implant and operation will determine the mobility and your daily duties of life ahead. 

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total knee replacement surgery in Chandigarh

Types of Knee Implants

The single radius knee implant is the most common form of knee implant used in operations because it provides maximum extension and flexion for the majority of patients, irrespective of gender, age, or degree of activity. 

Fixed bearing and mobile bearing are two other types of implants based on plastic insert latches into the tibial component. The plastic insert within the tibial component of fixed bearing implants is secured onto the metal tibial plate, whereas the plastic insert within the tibial component of mobile bearing implants can rotate inside the tibial tray.

Materials Used in Knee Implants

The majority of artificial knee implants are made up of durable plastic or ceramic. They can also be constructed entirely of metal or with a metal component mixed with plastic or ceramic. Cobalt-chromium alloys and titanium-cobalt mixed metals are the ones commonly utilised in knee implants. These metals are strong, flexible, and do not rust or react with the human body.

Cobalt-Chromium is a strong metal that is often used in the femoral component because the femoral component has a lot of traction, for which cobalt-chromium is the ideal option. Those with nickel allergies, however, should avoid this material.

Titanium-Cobalt is a soft and flexible metal that is gentle on the natural bone that surrounds the implant. It’s most commonly found in the tibial component, where the plastic insert is fitted.

Materials Used in Hip Implants

Most people who need a hip replacement have a traditional hip arthroplasty, in which the surgeon replaces the top section of the femur with a stemmed device and prosthetic head, and the acetabulum with a hemispherical shaped cup.

Metal (typically titanium), ceramic, and polyethylene are all viable materials for implants. Bearing surfaces where the femoral component of the implant contacts the acetabulum can be combined in three ways namely Metal or Ceramic-on-polyethylene, Metal-on-metal and Ceramic-on-ceramic.

When to Schedule Joint Replacement Surgery?

The timing of operation is a significant factor in predicting favourable results of the joint replacement. Patients should consider surgery when their injury or pain in the knee or hip is impacting their quality of life and they’ve exhausted all other options for treatment. 

There is always some risk connected with any surgery. But Healing Hospital Chandigarh is committed to the patient’s well-being and provides resolution to any implant-related issues that arise.

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