A hernia occurs when an organ or tissue forces itself out through a weakened area, mostly through the abdomen or the groin. A hernia can be external or internal. It can be diagnosed on the basis of symptoms, medical history, physical examination, imaging tests, blood tests, etc.
External hernias are often discovered during a physical examination at the doctor’s office, as they create a bulge that is noticeable or palpable in certain cases.
If your doctor thinks you have an inguinal hernia or any other external hernia, but isn’t positive based on a physical exam alone, you might be asked to have an imaging test done.
If the hernia is small and isn’t causing any pain or complications, surgery may not be required right away. It’s important to note, however, that hernias tend to get bigger over time. While it might not be causing problems right now, if it is not fixed, it is very likely to cause more severe problems in the future.
Strangulated hernia, for example, can be life-threatening. Usually, a hernia can be pushed in. However, when you can’t push it in, the hernia has the potential to get trapped in your stomach. This can cause a dangerous condition if the blood supply to the trapped component gets strangulated or cut off.
To understand if you need hernia surgery, you need to look out for the following symptoms:
- Nausea and vomiting: Nausea and vomiting may be signs of a severe condition known as an incarcerated hernia. If the hernia does not return to its original position after a gentle push, medical attention should be paid right away and surgery may be required.
- Fever: Fever and hernia are not a good combination. This may be a sign of a strangulated hernia that isn’t getting enough blood. If you get a fever while suffering from a hernia, contact the best hernia surgery hospital in Chandigarh to know your best treatment: https://healinghospital.co.in/general-surgery/
- Change in colour of the bulge: A hernia bulge that turns red, purple, or dark in colour is a symptom of strangulated hernia. If you witness such a change in colour, you may require a hernia surgery.
- Shooting pain: If you have a painful and visible bulge in your groin or any other part near the abdomen, you may need to see a doctor. Depending on the location of the pain, some hernias in women can also be diagnosed as fibroids, ovarian cysts, or endometriosis.
- Weakness: Hernias can cause discomfort during everyday activities. It may also induce a sensation of weakness or pressure in the groin area, as well as discomfort during urination or bowel movements.
- Constipation: Constipation may indicate a blockage in the large intestine that is interfering with digestion. Constipation or blood in the stool may also cause a heavy feeling in the abdomen. Additionally, passing gas also becomes difficult.
What Happens in a Hernia Surgery?
In hernia surgery, the surgeons sew a hole in your abdominal wall closed to repair your hernia. They also patch the hole with a surgical mesh. Open surgery or laparoscopic surgery are the two major types of surgery that may be used to treat hernias.
In laparoscopic surgery, a small camera and small surgical instruments are used to treat a hernia with just a few or no incisions. It is a popular method of treating hernia as it does not damage the other tissues in the process.
In open surgery, the surgeon makes an incision close to the hernia’s location and then moves the bulging tissue back into the abdomen. They then stitch the area shut, using surgical mesh to reinforce it. After all this process is completed, the surgeons close the incision.
According to the type of hernia you are suffering from, you may consult with your surgeon regarding the best type of surgery for you.
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