Most women experience back pain on a daily basis. Modern lifestyle is often blamed for this problem. Although it is true that sitting on a desk all day or indulging in excessive physical activity can lead to back pain, but it is important to understand that these may not be the only reasons. Following are a few conditions that can lead to back pain among women:
- Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
- Ectopic Pregnancy
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
- Retroverted uterus
- PMS and PMDD
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection caused by bacteria, virus or fungi in any part of the urinary system- kidneys, ureter or bladder. Following are some of the symptoms of a UTI infection in women:
- Back and pelvic pain
- A persistent urge to urinate
- Burning sensation while passing urine
- Red tinted urine (sign of blood in urine)
- Cloudy urine
- Strong smelling urine
UTI is a serious problem and should not be left untreated.
The whole female body goes through a lot of transition while in pregnancy. As the baby bump grows and you gain weight, the centre of gravity changes and it creates a lot of pressure on the spinal cord. Hormones too relax the ligaments in preparation of the baby’s birth. All these factors comprise to the unpleasant back pain among pregnant women.
An ectopic pregnancy or tubal pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants and grows outside the uterus. The fertilised egg cannot survive outside the uterus. If left to grow, it may damage the internal organs causing a lot of blood loss and threatening the life of the woman with such condition. This egg which mainly gets fertilized in the fallopian tube has to get removed to prevent any internal injury.
The symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include back pain, pelvic pain and vaginal bleeding.
The word Cancer itself strikes mind-numbing fear. Five main types of gynaecological cancers are Cervical Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Vaginal Cancer, Uterine Cancer and Vulvar Cancer.
Cervical cancer occurs in the cervix and causes tremendous back pain. Other symptoms include lower abdominal pain, foul smelling white discharge, and bleeding in between periods and after sexual intercourse.
This tumour can be prevented by PAP smear screening and HPV vaccine. Treatment of this cancer can be done through chemotherapy, radiation and surgery.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of one or more of the upper reproductive organs, including the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Although it can happen at any age but it is most commonly seen after the age of 25.
Symptoms of PID include severe back pain, pelvis pain and nausea.
In a retroverted uterus, the uterus is tipped backwards so that it aims towards the rectum instead of forward towards the belly. Such a condition can lead to very severe back pain and painful sex.
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Endometriosis is a disorder in which tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus. It most commonly involves ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining the pelvis. Symptoms include severe pain and menstrual irregularities.
PMS and PMDD
Pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) is a very common condition which is faced by women a few days before their periods. Symptoms of PMS include severe back pain, headache, fatigue, bloating, mood swings, food cravings and anxiety. PMS is a common factor among women and isn’t very dangerous.
Premenstrual dysmorphic disorder (PMDD) however is a severe and rare form of PMS. The factors of PMDD interfere with daily life and its functioning. PMDD has almost the same symptoms as PMS but only worse. A family history of PMDD, depression or mood disorders may increase the risk of having PMDD.
Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection. Apart from back pain, the other symptoms of Gonorrhoea arrive very late, because of which it often remains untreated.
The bottom line is that there are many factors that may lead to back pain among women which may or may not be dangerous. But if you experience unbearable back pain along with some other symptoms as mentioned in this article, it is highly recommended that you see a gynaecologist.
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