Chest Pain and Heart Attack in the Young

When we hear the words chest pain and heart attack, we typically imagine an old man holding his arm and chest in pain. Heart disease, however, doesn’t exclusively affect an aged man. While chances of having a heart attack rise as we get older, it is important to understand that younger people are not immune to it. Furthermore, a heart attack is a more common occurrence in women under the age of 50 as compared to men.

What are the key risk factors for chest pain and heart attack in the young?

  1. Smoking: One in every four heart attacks is caused by smoking. Smokers are more than twice as likely to have a heart attack, and they are also considerably more likely to die if they do get one. Smoking is one of the largest avoidable risk factors. 

Therefore, you should immediately quit smoking if you do. If you don’t smoke, then don’t ever think of starting it. Non-smokers who are constantly exposed to smoke are also in danger. Therefore, it is critical to avoid passive smoke as well.

chest pain and heart attack in the young
  1. Excessive drinking: Alcohol can increase the risk of heart disease, elevated triglycerides, and induce an irregular pulse. Moderate drinking is acceptable, but excessive drinking is extremely harmful to your health. Men should limit themselves to no more than two drinks in a day while women should limit themselves to one drink.
  1. Drugs: Most illegal drugs cause cardiac problems, ranging from irregular heartbeats to heart attacks. Consuming such drugs can also cause cardiovascular issues including blocked veins and bacterial infections in the blood vessels and heart valves. Therefore, you should completely steer clear of drugs.
  1. Diabetes: Diabetes can increase the risk of coronary heart disease in young people by double. This is because uncontrolled high blood sugar might lead to an increase of plaque in the arteries. If not managed properly, it can cause serious cardiac damage, including heart attacks and death. 

Diabetes can be managed by following a nutritious diet, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, and taking medicines prescribed by the best cardiologist in Chandigarh.

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  1. High blood pressure: High blood pressure makes the heart work harder, resulting in long-term harm. Your risk of a heart attack is increased if your blood pressure is higher than 120/80. 

Therefore, to prevent heart attack, young people too should try to control their blood pressure through diet, exercise, weight loss, salt restriction, and, if necessary, medication. 

  1. High cholesterol: Reduce your risk of heart attack by eating a diet low in cholesterol, saturated and trans fats, and high in complex carbohydrates and healthy fats. Regular exercise also aids in the reduction of “bad” cholesterol and the elevation of “good” cholesterol. 
  1. Poor nutrition: One of the best ways to prevent a heart attack at a young age is to eat a balanced diet low in saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, and refined sugars. Increase your consumption of vitamins and antioxidants to reduce your risk of heart disease. Fruits, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains are some of the right foods to be consumed.
  1. Sedentary lifestyle: Most youngsters today lead sedentary lifestyles, exercising rarely or never at all. When compared to people who participate in even low to moderate levels of physical activity, those who do not exercise have a greater risk of heart disease. One should exercise for at least 30 minutes each day to keep their heart, body and mind fit.
  1. Stress: Stress and anger are one of the leading risk factors of a heart attack. By using stress and anger management methods, you can reduce the risk to a great extent. Things such as time management, establishing realistic objectives, trying meditation and yoga can help in managing stress.

Apart from managing the above risk factors, you should also get a regular check-up to prevent heart attack and get a timely diagnosis if there is any problem. 

To book an appointment with the best cardiologist in Chandigarh, click here:

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Effects of Coronavirus on Heart Patients

Coronavirus has caused widespread illness and has killed hundreds of thousands of people around the world. The COVID-19 coronavirus is primarily thought to be life-threatening because of its effects on the lungs, but we now know that it can also cause heart damage in people who have had no prior heart problems.

Are you more likely to contract coronavirus if you are a heart patient?How does coronavirus affect the heart?
Are you more susceptible to coronavirus if you recently underwent heart surgery?
What precautions should heart patients take?
How to differentiate between breathlessness related to a heart condition and coronavirus infection?
Is the Covid vaccine safe for heart patients?

Are you more likely to contract coronavirus if you are a heart patient?

No, you are not more likely to contract coronavirus if you are a heart patient. The virus does not really discriminate between heart patients and people without any heart problem. Being here for more than a year now, it has infected people all around the globe regardless of any factors. 

However, if you are a heart patient, you are still at a larger risk. The virus may not discriminate while infecting people, but it can still make some people sick and other people sicker. Heart patients come in the latter category. In short, if someone with heart problems gets infected by COVID-19, they will most likely show and feel far more severe symptoms.

People who are older than 60 and who have coronary heart disease or high blood pressure are among those most at risk of developing severe COVID-19 symptoms.

COVID-19 also has a higher chance of causing complications for stroke survivors. People with conditions such as heart failure, cardiomyopathies, congenital heart disease, heart valve disease, and atrial fibrillation are more prone to severe illness.

How does coronavirus affect the heart?

COVID-19 can harm the respiratory system and cause the heart to work harder to provide oxygen-rich blood to the body’s primary organs. COVID-19 can cause blood clots in the arteries of your heart. It can also attack the cardiac muscle. Stress can be an added risk factor for heart patients.

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Are you more susceptible to coronavirus if you recently underwent heart surgery?

You’re at a higher risk of contracting coronavirus if you’ve had open-heart surgery in the last three months.

To lower your chances of contracting the virus, carefully follow the guidelines on social distancing, hand washing, and minimise the number of face-to-face contacts you have. If possible, try to work from home.

What precautions should heart patients take?

Heart patients should take the following precautions to prevent coronavirus infection:

  • Heart patients should continue to take their prescription drugs and not make any modifications without first consulting their doctor.
  • Make sure you and your family have the hospital’s number on speed dial.
  • Be educated about the symptoms of a heart attack.
  • Be educated about the symptoms of COVID-19.
  • Have all necessary medical equipment handy along with enough stock of your medicines.
  • Get regular consultation from your doctor online.

To consult the best cardiologist in Chandigarh, click here:

How to differentiate between breathlessness related to a heart condition and coronavirus infection?

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a symptom of coronavirus infection in its most severe forms. Acute breathlessness mimicking ARDS can also be seen in patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction. So, how to differentiate between the two problems? The existence of the following can indicate that the breathlessness is caused by coronavirus-related ARDS rather than cardiac:

  • If you have recently travelled to any part of the world which has a high number of positive cases or have had close contact with someone who has recently visited these areas.
  • If you have had throat pain, upper respiratory symptoms, or flu-like symptoms recently.
  • If you have a fever.

Is the Covid vaccine safe for heart patients?

Vaccination is safe for all cardiac patients, regardless of whether they have a stunt, a bypass, a pacemaker, an implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), or anything else. Certain blood thinners may need to be discontinued, but there are no risks associated with any cardiac ailment. If a patient is unsure about his/her medicines, he or she should consult a cardiologist before getting vaccinated.