Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries which is caused by plaque build-up. Coronary artery disease can range from no symptoms at all to chest pain to a heart attack. Medical procedures such as stents or bypass surgery can be used to treat coronary artery disease.
Choosing the optimal treatment choice is usually a personal decision. Each method has its own set of risks and benefits. Many things are taken into consideration including the number of the blockages and where they are located. The preferences of the patient, as well as those of the cardiologist, are addressed before deciding which the better outcome is.
In certain cases, the option is obvious. However, there are certain murky regions. Sometimes it does not appear clearly that one alternative is superior to the other. This article will discuss the benefits and risks of stents and bypass surgery in curing CAD in order to understand which is better.
- Bypass Surgery
- Which is Better Stent or Bypass?
A stent is a small metal or plastic tube that is used to unblock a clogged coronary artery. When a build-up of cholesterol clogs an artery, a stent can be utilised to restore blood flow and reduce the risk of a heart attack.
Benefits of Stenting
- Stenting is usually favoured over CABG in case of an emergency.
- As stents are available in a variety of sizes, shapes and materials, this gives the cardiologist different options as to how to treat the patient.
Risks of Stenting
- It is regarded as a high-risk surgery. Unexpected problems do happen on occasions. Severe bleeding, for example, may necessitate converting the treatment to an open surgery right away.
- The stent is supposed to be used for life-threatening blockages in a single channel. It is not considered the best in cases of multiple vessel blockages.
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery or heart bypass surgery enhances blood supply to the heart by grafting a blood vessel between the aorta and the coronary artery, or arteries leading to the heart muscle, to construct a bypass around a blocked artery. Two to four grafts, sometimes known as a double, triple, or quadruple bypass, are commonly required.
Benefits of Bypass Surgery
- It lowers the risk of a heart attack.
- It has the ability to lessen or eliminate heart problems permanently.
- It adds a burst of vitality to physical activity.
- Bypass surgery is also more effective than stenting for diabetic patients.
- Bypass surgery is required in specific circumstances. For example, when a blood artery is severely fragile and unhealthy, bypass is the best choice.
- If the anatomy of the arteries is especially intricate, bypass surgery may be considered a better alternative.
Risks of Bypass Surgery
- Heart attack
- Heartbeat fluctuations
- Allergic effect on the anaesthesia or other equipment used in the surgery
- Injuries in nerves
- Fatality, in rare cases
Which is Better Stent or Bypass?
The choice between stenting and bypass surgery can be difficult at times. A decision can be made after a careful assessment by the cardiologist which includes examining the severity of the CAD, the number of vessels that need to be repaired, and medical history, among other things.
Healing Hospital is the best heart specialist hospital in Chandigarh for stenting and bypass surgery. We are well-known for our cutting-edge infrastructure and our staff of highly skilled doctors and healthcare providers. To book an appointment with the best heart specialist hospital in Chandigarh.