Once a patient has undergone heart surgery, it is important to include treatment and lifestyle habits that help in preventing another heart attack in the future. Eating habits have a great impact on heart health. Therefore, you need to consider what you put in your body.
FOODS TO EAT
- Fresh fruits and vegetables
- Whole grains
- Lean meats
- Beans and legumes
- Fatty fish
- Low fat dairy products
- Eggs (in limit)
- Nuts and seeds
- Plant-based cooking oils
- Skinless poultry
Choose foods that do not contain high amounts of added sugars, salt or saturated fats. It is best to eat fresh fruits and vegetables but if using canned or frozen food, make sure you read the packaging labels properly to ensure you are not consuming additional salt, butter, sugar or other unhealthy preservatives.
Oily fish such as salmon, trout and mackerel are a good source of omega-3 fatty acids that are excellent for heart health. Therefore, include fish in your diet at least twice a week. Ensure that you do not consume soft drinks, colas, packaged juices or other similar sweetened beverages.
FOODS TO AVOID
- Deep-fried food
- Junk food
- Processed or frozen meals
- Packaged food items such as chips and biscuits
- Hydrogenated vegetable oils
- Ice-creams or sweets high in sugar content
- Red meat
- Packaged sauces and dressings
- Canned food
Caffeinated beverages such as tea and coffee should be consumed in limited quantities or as advised by your cardiologist. Also, overconsumption of salt can lead to a spike in your blood pressure and hence it is important to avoid extra salt in your diet. Include heart-healthy supplements as recommended by your cardiologist.
Additionally, you need to stay active, do exercise for at least 30 minutes daily, manage your stress levels, lose weight (if required), quit smoking and limit alcohol intake.
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