High-risk pregnancy is a kind of pregnancy where the mother and the baby are at an increased risk of health problems during or after the delivery. Special monitoring and care are required in this type for pregnancy to keep a check on any upcoming issues and to take corrective actions in the right time.
Here are Some Factors That Can Lead to a High-Risk Pregnancy
1. Pregnancy in an age younger or older than the typical maternal age: Women who get pregnant in their teens or after the age of 35 are at a greater threat of having a high risk pregnancy. Pregnant women that come within this age bracket are at a greater risk for preeclampsia and gestational high blood pressure.
2. Giving multiple births: Women who are about to have twins or triplets have higher risk of complications in pregnancy in comparison with women with a single child. According to a study, more than half of the twins and more than 93% of the triplets are born at less than 37 weeks of gestation.
3. Pregnancy History: A history of pregnancy related disorders increases the chances for them being repeated. Under such conditions, you should sign up for a regular prenatal care. Enroll yourself for a prenatal care now in one of the best high risk pregnancy hospitals in Chandigarh- https://healinghospital.co.in/gynecology/
4. Medical History: If the mother to be has diseases such a high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, thyroid, asthma, heart diseases, sexually transmitted infections (STI), etc., there are higher chances for a high-risk pregnancy. STIs are likely to be transferred to the baby through the pregnancy.
5. Smoking, drinking, drugs: Smoking, consumption of drugs and alcohol can put a grave risk on the health of the mother and the baby, and in worse cases even death.
6. Premature labor: A labor that begins before 37 weeks of pregnancy is called a premature labor. It can cause certain infections, a shortened cervix and other problems to put the mother at risk.
7. Placenta previa: Placenta previa is a condition that arises when the placenta covers the cervix. This can cause a lot of bleeding which can lead to a caesarean section delivery in most cases.
How to minimize these risks?
1. Preconception evaluation: If you are thinking of conceiving, it is strongly advised that you consult a gynecologist beforehand. That way you can be prescribed supplements in case of any deficiencies and know if there can be any complications in the pregnancy and how they can be treated. Follow the link to find some of the best gynecologists in Mohali– https://healinghospital.co.in/gynecology/
2. Seek regular Prenatal Care: Prenatal care can help in monitoring your health as well as the baby’s health. If any complication arises, then you can be referred to a specialist for better treatment.
3. Exercise, Yoga and Meditation: Exercise and yoga help in releasing relaxing hormones along with maintaining an appropriate weight and good physical health.
4. Stay at a healthy weight: It is advised that you eat a balanced diet with high fibers and proper nutrients to maintain a healthy weight. Obese women are at a higher risk of having babies with certain birth defects such as spina bifida, heart problems, hydrocephaly, etc.
5. Eliminate smoking and drinking: Smoking, drinking and drugs are a big no no during pregnancy. They can affect both the mother’s and the baby’s health adversely and can even lead to worst imaginable situations.
6. Take your prenatal vitamins, folic acid and other supplements: Consult your gynecologist on which supplements you should take and then consume the prenatal vitamins, folic acids and other supplements as prescribed along with proper diet.
7. Get progesterone shots: If you have a history of premature births in your family, then you should ask your doctor for progesterone shots. Progesterone shots are known to reduce the risk of premature births by almost 20 percent.
8. Talk to your doctor about your health condition: If you already have any diseases or health problems, then you should discuss them with your gynecologist so that they can prescribe the required medication and treatment for a safe pregnancy.
9. Address mental health concerns: Mental health is as important as physical health and affects the baby to a great extent. Discuss how you are feeling with your partner, family or your doctor. If anything is disturbing you from inside, do talk it out to clear your head.
10. Have a support system: Having a support system is extremely crucial at the time of pregnancy. Surround yourself with family and friends and let them know about your needs. Stay happy as much as possible. Play, laugh, live and enjoy your pregnancy!