Black Fungus, White Fungus, Yellow Fungus: Symptoms and Prevention

In the recent past, India has reported many Black Fungus or Mucormycosis cases, particularly among COVID-19 patients. The Health Ministry even labelled Black Fungus as an epidemic. Subsequently, white fungus and yellow fungus infection cases also began to emerge even before healthcare professionals could devise a complete plan of action for dealing with black fungus cases.

Let us understand what black, white and yellow funguses are and how to prevent and treat them.

What is Black Fungus?

Mucormycosis is another name for black fungus. It usually affects the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, but it can also damage the eye, which can result in blindness and then spread to the brain.

Symptoms of Black Fungus

  • Swelling on one side of the face
  • Severe headache
  • Nasal congestion
  • Black lesions on the nose or upper side of the mouth
  • Chest pain
  • Breathlessness
  • Difficulty in chewing or opening the mouth

What is Yellow Fungus?

This infection, unlike black fungus, begins to manifest itself inside before causing physical or physiological symptoms. This strain of the illness is spread via unsanitary circumstances, contaminated food, and contact with unsanitary medical equipment/tools. Like black fungus, overuse of steroids and antibacterial medicines can cause yellow fungus and affect patients with comorbidities or those on immunosuppressants.

Symptoms of Yellow Fungus

Internal symptoms emerge first, leading  to pus leakage and severe necrosis in certain cases.

Along with that, delayed wound healing, tiredness, lack of appetite, weight loss, and sunken eyes are some of the early signs. It can potentially cause life-threatening symptoms such as organ failure in extreme situations. Experts urge people to see a doctor as soon as they discover any infection or other early signs in their bodies.

What is White Fungus?

White fungus comes from the Candida group. Like the other two types, this too affects people with a weakened immune system and reduced immunity, such as HIV patients, cancer patients, transplant patients, diabetic patients,  immuno-compromised patients, and so on.

Although this sickness is not infectious, people are susceptible to the infection since these moulds  can easily be breathed by a person. Moulds can spread to important organs through inhalation, potentially causing disastrous consequences.

Symptoms of White Fungus

Symptoms of White Fungus

Some of the early symptoms of white fungus are quite similar to those of coronavirus. A patient may have chest discomfort, cough, shortness of breath, headache, body pain, infection in certain body areas, or swelling. Along with this, there can be symptoms such as whitening of the tongue, diarrhoea, dark spots on the lungs, and reduced oxygen levels.

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Prevention from Black Fungus, White Fungus, and Yellow Fungus

Although these infections are not communicable or contagious, there are certain prevention tips that can be considered to prevent their onset such as follows:

  • In COVID-19 patients, judicious administration of steroids and careful monitoring of blood sugar levels can help control the illness.
  • Bacterial and fungal development may be avoided by keeping surroundings clean and eliminating  stale food and faecal waste.
  • Keep an eye on the humidity levels in your environment, since high humidity encourages bacterial development.
  • Maintain contact with a doctor if your health changes as a result of the Covid-19 infection.

Treatment for Black Fungus, White Fungus, and Yellow Fungus

  1. Black Fungus: A black fungus patient should see an ENT expert and have an MRI brain done with contrast. Patients with Black Fungus are frequently prescribed Amphotericin and Bisavaconazole. Depending on how far the illness has progressed, a doctor may conduct surgery.
  • White Fungus: White fungus may be treated with over-the-counter antifungal medications and does not require costly injections as in the case of Black Fungus. It has no direct link to diabetes; however, diabetes exacerbates most bacterial and fungal infections.

Yellow Fungus: Yellow fungus can be treated through an antifungal injection called Amphotericin B, which is also used to treat black fungus. Symptoms should be thoroughly monitored

Is it safe to go to hospital during covid time for general checkup in Chandigarh

Should you go to the hospital if you have a medical problem that isn’t caused by the coronavirus? Given that the pandemic is still ongoing, with cases reported from all around the country, this is a genuine concern. However, in the present scenario, a growing number of hospitals have begun to welcome non-covid patients with all safety measures and covid protocols. 

While these activities are gradually returning to normalcy, it is natural to be concerned about whether it is safe to go to the hospital during the covid time for a general check-up. 

Know about Covid-19 safe hospital in Chandigarh here:

To answer the question, it is safe to visit hospitals for a general check-up that observe the following safety and security measures:

  1. Separate area for treating Covid-19 patients: Hospitals are increasingly making provisions for separate waiting areas for Covid-19 patients.

Along with this, measures are taken to call the patients just moments before their appointment for the least risk of exposure. Healthy patients are mostly asked to wait outside or in their cars until their exact time of appointment.

  1. Added attention to hygiene and disinfection: Along with all the regular cleaning and disinfection methods, hospitals now use cleaning procedures that are proven to destroy the COVID-19 virus. 

Sanitisers are also kept at every corner so that they are in everyone’s reach to ensure proper hygiene and safety.

  1. Measures for easing social distancing: Many hospitals have changed the layout of their waiting rooms and lobbies to facilitate social distancing.  Using new layouts and helpful signs make it easier to know where and when to go. 
  1. No entry without masks: All patients, family members, and visitors are asked to wear a mask or face covering while in the hospital to prevent the spread of COVID-19. At the entrance, the screening personnel hands masks to anyone without a mask or wearing an ineffective one.
  1. Temperature check at the entrance: Although there are a variety of symptoms of COVID-19, the majority of positive cases possess a fever

Associates, vendors, doctors, staff and all visitors entering the hospital premises are checked for temperature every time they want to get in the building. This exercise helps in keeping the premises of the hospital safe and infection-free. 

Book an appointment with a Covid-19 safe hospital in Chandigarh here:

What can you do to stay safe?

  1. Consider video consultation: In this age of technology, patients can now visit their doctors without stepping a foot into the hospital. Nowadays, many doctors are increasing the availability of online appointments.  So, if you have a scheduled health appointment that you don’t want to miss, see if you can do it online. 
  1. Take safety measures when in hospital: Even though most hospitals are following all covid protocols, there is no harm in taking precautions from your side. So in cases when you cannot avoid going to the hospital, make sure to follow the following safety measures:
  • Try to get vaccinated against Covid-19 before your appointment.
  • Keep a safe space (at least 6 feet) between yourself and others.
  • Put on a mask.
  • Wash your hands with soap for at least 20 seconds, if possible.
  • When you can’t wash your hands, use a hand sanitiser.
  • Keep your hands off your face.
  • Try not to touch surfaces.
  • To clean areas that you do need to touch, use disinfectant wipes.

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Your well-being is crucial. It’s crucial to receive the proper diagnosis or treatment if anything is troubling you. Putting off medical treatment might lead to difficulties later on or make recovery more difficult. So you can either book an online consultation or walk in a covid-19 safe hospital in Chandigarh

Take care, stay safe!

Is COVID-19 Vaccine Safe for Pregnant Ladies

Pregnancy is an immunocompromised state. This means that pregnant women are at a higher risk of severe illness in comparison with others. During pregnancy, immunity gets reduced so a pregnant woman is prone to catch a bacterial, viral or any other kind of infection. So, she is also prone to catching the COVID-19 infection. 

Symptoms of COVID-19 in Pregnancy
Is COVID-19 Vaccine Safe for Pregnant Ladies?
How does COVID-19 Vaccine affect Pregnant Ladies?
Should You Get Vaccinated?

Symptoms of COVID-19 in Pregnancy

Symptoms of COVID-19 in pregnancy are more or less the same as the general symptoms of covid-19 such as cold, cough, fever, body ache, loss of taste and smell, etc. But if pregnancy takes place at an older age or is associated with any comorbid conditions such as heart problems or asthma, then hospitalisation, intensive care, ventilator or other special breathing apparatus, etc. may be required. In some cases, COVID-19 infection can even lead to death. 

Furthermore, pregnant women with COVID-19 have a higher risk of preterm delivery and have a higher risk of additional negative pregnancy outcomes.

Is COVID-19 Vaccine Safe for Pregnant Ladies?

Experts believe that as per the working of the COVID-19 vaccines, they are unlikely to do any harm to pregnant women. The Union Health Ministry has recently accepted the recommendations of the National Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation (NTAGI) that Covid-19 vaccination is safe for pregnant women. Niti Aayog had also earlier stated that Covishield, Covaxin, Sputnik V and Moderna are safe for lactating mothers and pregnant women.

Most pregnant women are asymptomatic or have a mild disease, but their health may deteriorate rapidly and that might affect their baby too. It is important that they take all precautions to protect themselves from acquiring Covid-19, including taking vaccination against Covid-19. 

How does COVID-19 Vaccine affect Pregnant Ladies?

COVID-19 vaccines approved by the government affect pregnant women in the same way as they affect other people. When the vaccine is injected into the body, it starts producing spike proteins that are found on the COVID-19 coronavirus. So our body recognises it as a COVID infection and starts producing antibodies against it. 

So when the human body is actually infected by COVID-19, there are already antibodies present in the body that provide a protective shield against the virus. In such a case, either very mild symptoms appear or it becomes an asymptomatic case.

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Should You Get Vaccinated?

You can get a COVID-19 vaccination if you’re pregnant. However, you should discuss your options with your healthcare practitioner before receiving a vaccination that has been approved for use under Emergency Use Authorization. 

You can discuss the following points with your gynaecologist:

  • How likely are you to become infected with the COVID-19 virus?
  • What are the possible risks of COVID-19 to you and your baby?
  • Can there be any side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine on your pregnancy?
  • How can vaccination pass antibodies to your unborn baby?

If you are pregnant and need any recommendations regarding getting vaccinated, you may book an appointment with the best gynaecologist in Chandigarh here:

The Covid-19 Vaccines for Kids: what parents should know

After a spike in adolescent hospitalization in the second wave in India, parents, as well as the government, are concerned about what effect COVID-19 may have on the children in the third wave.

Many vaccines are undergoing clinical testing in India, including Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine, AstraZeneca, Moderna, and others. These vaccinations have also been tested on children under the age of 18. Some of the COVID-19 vaccinations for children have shown 100% efficacy. 

In India, the Covid-19 vaccine is in its third trial phase for children. Vaccines such as Covaxin and Zycov-D (Zydus Cadila) are among the top priorities of the Indian government and are being tested on youngsters aged 12 to 18 in particular.

Here is all parents need to know about COVID-19 vaccines for their children:

Q. Are COVID-19 vaccinations advised for children?

A. COVID-19 vaccinations are effective. There can be some side effects, but they are generally minimal and only last for a short time. Although parents’ concern for their children is completely understandable, the government and the doctors are optimistic about the vaccination. With the third wave on the brink, now is the perfect time to get started on the vaccination and they are expected to roll out soon.

Q. What are the side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine on children?

A. Pain in the arm, fatigue for a day or two and a mild fever are all common side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine. Allergic reactions are uncommon, although they can happen with any drug or vaccination, and not only the COVID-19 vaccines. At the same time, it must be remembered that an adverse effect of the COVID-19 illness is far more likely than a terrible reaction to the vaccination.

Q. What are the chances of a child becoming infected with the COVID-19 virus?

A. Though the numbers of children with severe infection are small when compared to adults in India, it is a myth that children who contract COVID-19 do not become ill.

Recent numbers show that more teens are becoming ill from the infection. And although it cannot be said with certainty, the trend of the COVID-19 waves shows that the third wave might affect children as well. 

In the recent past, even when children have done well with the infection, there have been cases of a rare post-infection inflammatory syndrome called multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children or MISC that can make them very sick. Symptoms of MISC can include fever, difficulty in breathing, rash, chest pain or pressure, confusion, inability to stay awake and abdominal pain.

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Q. Are there any children who shouldn’t get vaccinated?

A. Any kid who has previously had an adverse reaction to a vaccination or is allergic to any of the components in the approved vaccines should consult with their doctors before choosing if the vaccine is safe for them. For children who have underlying health conditions, vaccinations should not be avoided. In fact, they are at more risk of contracting COVID-19 and so vaccination becomes all the more important for them.

Q. When will the vaccines be approved for children younger than 12?

A. India’s health ministry recently stated that numerous vaccines for children in India are now being tested. Children in India aged 12-18 account for around 5-6 crore of the population, which is a significant number. And when it comes to kids especially, vaccination cannot be introduced without doing final tests.

In India, the government will decide on a specific approach to developing the Covid-19 vaccine for children. Nonetheless, the efficacy results of most vaccination studies are optimistic.

Q. How to prepare children for getting vaccinated?

A. Every child is unique when it comes to vaccination preparation. Some children are fine with it, while others are terrified of needles. If you have an anxious child, don’t tell them weeks in advance, but don’t surprise them with it either. Just don’t allow them too much time to worry or be concerned.

For some children, knowing exactly what will happen at each stage is beneficial. Describe the procedure to them. Also, be honest with your children: tell them that they will feel a pinch at first, but that it will end soon.

Book an appointment to know in detail about COVID-19 vaccinations for children:

All you need to know about Black Fungus – Healing Hospital

The second wave of coronavirus has sure come to a decline but there is another challenge that our country is facing, namely black fungus. Also known as mucormycosis, this disease has been officially declared an epidemic by many state governments. It is a deadly fungal infection that is affecting covid patients all around India. 

This being said, there are a lot of myths that are being circulated about black fungus and that is why you need to know authentic information about black fungus. Here is all you need to know.

What is black fungus?
Symptoms of black fungus
Prevention from black fungus
Treatment of black fungus

What is black fungus?

The black fungus infection is caused by a group of molds called Mucormycetes. Mucormycetes can be found at all places in nature. Black fungus has the potential to impact regions from where it can be breathed in, such as the lungs, nose, and sinus

Mucormycetes can cause local infection if it enters through the skin or a cut, but it can also damage the brain and eyes if it enters through the sinus. It mostly affects COVID-19 patients with uncontrolled diabetes, weak immune system, a recent transplant, lengthy stays in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and those who are on medications.

Without proper treatment, it can lead to loss of vision or even worse. 

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Symptoms of black fungus

Symptoms of black fungus include the following:

  • Headache
  • Nasal congestion (blocked nose)
  • Black crusts in the nose 
  • Facial pain
  • Toothache or loosening of tooth/teeth
  • Numbness or swelling in cheeks and eyes
  • Discolouration of the nose
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Blood coughing
  • Blurred or double vision accompanied with pain, fever or headache
  • Pain and redness around the eyes and nose
  • Chest pain
  • A shift in the state of mind

If you have the above symptoms, you should get yourself checked immediately. If left untreated, it can lead to the removal of jaw bone, blindness or even death.

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Prevention from black fungus

It cannot be stressed enough that prevention is always better than cure. So do take care of the following:

  • Wear an N-95 mask or a double mask when going anywhere, especially around areas such as gardens, dusty areas, garbage places, etc.
  • Wear clothes that cover your entire body
  • Keep your blood sugar levels under control if you are diabetic
  • If you take steroids, you should stay under close watch with your doctor. Your dosage of steroids should also be decreased if the doctor allows it.
  • Maintain strict personal hygiene
  • Avoid self-medication on all levels
  • Avoid contact with water-damaged buildings and areas

Patients with COVID-19 who are receiving oxygen treatment must be especially protected from black fungus infection. Therefore, caregivers must take care of the following additional attention:

  • Piping must be sterilized
  • The water in the humidifier must be sterilised and replaced on a regular basis.

Treatment of black fungus

First of all, a diagnosis of black fungus is done by a blood test, MRI, CT scan or biopsy, in addition to a clinical evaluation based on symptoms. If black fungus is found in the body, then it needs to be treated as soon as possible.

Treatment can be started by management of pre-existing conditions and prescribing anti-fungal medications but it may eventually require surgery.

The treatment comprises an IV infusion of normal saline (IV) followed by an infusion of amphotericin B and antifungal medication for at least 4-6 weeks to maintain sufficient systemic hydration.

Microbiologists, internal medicine experts, intensivist neurology, ENT specialists, ophthalmologists, dentists, maxillofacial/plastic surgeons, and other medical professionals work together to treat Covid patients with mucormycosis or black fungus.